miguel 1.05

Question Answer
columns Vertical blocks of text in which text flows from the bottomof one column to the top of the next
hyphenation A dash that is used to join words and separate syllables of asingle word; by default, hyphenation is turned off in Wordso that words appear on a single line
landscape orientation A format commonly used for brochures, graphics, tablesand so on that orients text across the longer dimension ofthe page
margins The blank borders that occupy the top, bottom, and sides ofa document
non-breaking spaces A tool used to keep selected text on a single line
orphan The first line of a paragraph that appears alone at thebottom of a page.
page break The location in a document where one page ends and a newpage begins.
portrait orientation A format commonly used for business documents in whichtext extends across the shorter length of the document.
section break A tool used to create layout or formatting changes in aportion of a document
widow The last line of a paragraph appears at the top of a page

Reformation Vocab

Term Definition
Respond To react to something that has been said or done.
Publication Book or other printed work.
Error Something incorrect or incorrectly done.
Minor Small and not very important or serious.
Parliament Group of people who make up a country's laws.
Finance To provide a large amount of money to pay for something.
Contrast Difference between people, ideas, or situations that are being compared.
individual Considered separately from other people or things in the same group.
Reformation These thinkers laid the foundation for the reformation, a religious movement that began in the 1500s.
Martin Luther An important leader of the reformation was Martin Luther, a German monk.
Indulgence The church also raised money by selling indulgences, or pardons for sins.
Predestination Calvin's most important teaching was predestination, the idea that god had long ago determined who would gain salvation.
Theocracy A theocracy is a government ruled by religious leaders.
William Tyndale At about the same time, William Tyndale printed an english Translation of the new testament of the bible.
Counter-Reformation The movement to strengthen the teachings and structure of the catholic church became known as the Counter-Reformation.
Jesuits The Society of Jesus, which later became known as the Jesuits, was the most influental of the new religious orders.
Ignatius Loyola It was founded by Ignatius Loyola.
Council Of Trent In 1545,Pope Paul III called a series of meetings known as the Council of Trent.
Henry VII Henry VII, the king of England, wrote a book criticizing Luther's ideas.
Annulment An annulment is an official action ending a marriage.
Act Of Supremacy In 1534, Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy.
Henry IV He was crowned Henry IV the following year.
Edict An edict is an official public order made by a king or another authority.
Philip II Philip 11, the Catholic ruler of Spain, championed the Counter-Reformation.
Armanda In 1588, Philip sent an armanda, or fleet of ships, to attack England.
Absolute Monarchy In an absolute monarchy, a ruler had complete power over the government and its subjects.
Divine rights of kings France's absolute monarchs believed that they ruled by divine right of kings, a theory which states that a king's right to rule comes directly from God.
Louis XIV These two theories of kingship created a powerful leader in France's king Louis XIV.
Constitutional Monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king's or queen's power is limited by a constitution.
Federalism Althusius was the first person to write about federalism, a form of government in which power is shared between local and national levels.

Inside the earth

Term Definition
Crust The outermost layer of the earth
Mantel Much thicker than the crust
Core The central part of the earth below the mantel
Lithosphere The solid outer layer of the earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantel.
Asthenosphere The soft layer of the mantel on which the tectonic plates move.
Mesosphere The strong lower part of the mantel between the asthenosphere and the outer core.
Tectonic plates
A block of lithosphere that cosists of the crust and the rigid outermost part of the mantel.
Continental drift The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a single landmass broke up and drifted to their present locations.
Sea-floor spreading The process by which new oceanic lithosphere forms magma rises toward the surface and solidifies.
Plate tectonics The theory that explains how large pieces of the earths outermost layer called tectonic plates move and change shape
Convergent boundary The boundary formed by the collisions of two tectonic plates.
Divergent boundary
Tectonic plates move apart and divide mid ocean ridge and rift valleys form
Transform boundary Tectonic plates slide past past each other in opposite direction > earthquakes occur<
Compression stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze an object
Tension Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object
Folding The bending of rock layers due to stress
Fault A break in a body of rock along which one block slides relative to another
Uplift The rising of regions of the earths crust to higher elevations
Subsidence The sinking of regions of the earth crust to lower elevations

Chapter 12

Question Answer
artificial made by humans
complacate to make difficult
conscience moral sense
counsel to suggest to
detect to notice
frequency rate
represent to speak for
tempoary short-term
transparent able to be seen through
triumph win

Inside the earth

Question Answer
Crust
The thin and solid outermost layer of the earth above the mantle
Mantle The layer of rock between the earths crust and core
Core The central part of the earth below the mantle
Lithosphere The solid outer layer of the earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle
Asthenosphere The soft layer of which the tectonic plates move
Mesosphere
The strong lower part of the mantle between the asthenosphere and the outer core
Tectonic plate A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the Rigid outer most part of the mantle
Continental drift The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a single landmass broke up and drifted to their present locations
Sea floor spreading The process of which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises toward the surface and solidifies
Plate tectonics The theory that explains of large pices of the earths outer most layer called tectonic plates move and Change shape
Convergent boundry The boundry formed by the collision of two lithosphere plates
Divergent boundry The boundry between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other
Transform boundry The boundry between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally
Compression Stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze an object
Tension Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object
Folding The bending of rock layers do to stress
Fault A break in a body of rock along with one block slides relative to the other
Uplift The rising of regions of the earths crus to higher elevations
Subsidence The sinking of regions of the earths crust to lower elevations

chapter 13

Term Definition
agonizing very painful
energetic lively and active
foresight wise planning
interval space
prosper to do well
strive to make an effort
substance material
tolerance respect for others
trait personal quality
withdraw take back

White

Question Answer
Viral An object or pattern that is quickly replicated and shared.
URL The address of a website.
Spyware A type of malware that unknowingly collects information from a computer.
Server A computer or series of computers that link other computers together and often store important information.
Malware Computer software designed to harm a computer.
HTTPS A protocol that is secure; used for websites that handle sensitive information such as payments and bank information
HTTP A protocol or group of rules and functions that is used to transfer data over the World Wide Web.
Database A computer system that stores enormous amounts of data.
Cookie Used to identify the user or track their access to the server.
Adware Computer software that displays advertisements.

Stack #2662648

Question Answer
What are the 4 main stages of the cell cycle ? Gap 1 , Synthesis , Gap 2 , mitosis
Why is cell size limited ? If the cell is too small it won't contain all necessary organelles and molecules . If it gets too big it'll cause surface area too small for adequate exchange of materials.
Why are your cells divided at different rates ? Divided to link to your body's needs fro cells.
Why do some cells have to be large ? The structure gives the neuron large surface area with relatively small increase in volume.
What is a chromosome ? It's a long continuous thread of DNA consists of numerous genes along with regulatory information.
Why do chromosomes condense at the start of mitosis ? To carry out its necessary functions.
What's a histones function ? DNA wraps around ti at regular intervals to interact with each other , further compacting the DNA.
What does the mitosis cell do ? Divides cells nucleus into two genetically identical nuclei , which forms eggs and sperm that prepares them for cytokinesis.
What does the interphase cell do ? It provides critical time and it becomes larger to divide.
What is cytokinesis ? Divides cytoplasm into two cells which differs in animal and plant cells.
What is prophase ? The nuclear envelope breaks down. the nucleolus disappears , and the centrosomes centrioles migrate to opposie sides.
How many stages does the cell cycle have ? The cell cycle has 9 stages .
What is telophase ? A complete set of identical chromosome positioned at each pole of cell.
Why do spindle fibers attach to a protein structure in metaphase? To align the chromosomes along the cell equator , around the middle of the cell.
What happens during anaphase ? Sister chromatids separate from each other.

Inside the Earth

Term Definition
Crust The outermost layer of the Earth
Mantle The layer between the crust and the core
Core
The central part of the Earth below the mantle
Lithosphere The solid outer layer of the Earth the consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle
Asthenosphere The soft layer of the mantle on which moves the tectonic plates
Mesosphere The strong, lower part of the mantle between the athenosphere and the outer core
Tectonic Plate A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid, outermost part of the mantle
Continental Drift The hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass, broke up, and drifted to their present locations
Sea-Floor Spreading The process by which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises toward the surface and solidifies
Plate Tectonics The theory that explains how large pieces of the Eartha??s outermost layer, called the tectonic plates, move and change shape
Convergent Boundary The boundary formed by the collision of two lithospheric plates
Divergent Boundary The boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other
Transform Boundary The boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally
Compression Stress that occurs when forces act to when forces act to squeeze an object
Tension Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch the object
Folding The bending of rock layers due to stress
Uplift The rising of regions of the Eartha??s crust to higher elevations
Subsidence The sinking of regions of the Eartha??s crust to lower elevations
Fault A break in a body of rock along which one block slides relative to another

chapter 12

Term Definition
artifical made by humans
complicate to make difficult
conscience moral sense
counsel to suggest to
detect to notice
frequency rate
represent to speak for
temporary short-term
transparent able to be seen through
triumph win