WGU FTC5 ed theories Focus on the different theories and philosophies of ed

Component Theory or Philosophy
Zone of Proximal Development Constructivist
Vygotsky Constructivist
Social Learning Constructivist
Mediated Learning — Scaffolding Constructivist
Top-Down Processing (begin with complex problem then work out / discover the basic skills required) Constructivist
Cognitive Apprentiship Constructivist
"Knowing as a process, not a product" Constructivist
Self-regulated learning Constructivist
Teacher as guide Constructivist
Jigsaw learning method Constructivist
BF Skinner Behaviorism
favors external rewards Behaviorism
values the learning of facts/skills that authorities have decided are important Behaviorism
Teaches out of context — learn the content and then take it and use it in context later Behaviorism
teacher-centered Behaviorism
knowledge is seen as dynamic, ever-changing Constructivist
Primary source materials are often used Constructivist
Manipulatives are often used Constructivist
Child's self-concept, self-esteem very important Humanistic
goal is self-actualization, improving yourself Humanistic
process focuses on the whole student (can include self-esteem, assertiveness training) Humanistic
Students learn from observing others model appropriate behavior / strategies Social learning theory
teacher as facilitator and very conscious role model Social learning theory
Maslow Humanistic
Curriculum focuses on student interests Humanistic & Constructivist
Students need to believe they are capable Humanistic & Social Learning Theories
Intrinsic rewards are valued Humanistic
The branch of philosophy that examines questions of how we come to know what we know Epistemology
The branch of philosophy that considers WHAT we know Metaphysics
The branch of philosophy that considers values and ethics Axiology
The branch of philosophy that examines the processes of deriving valid conclusions from basic principles Logic
The school of philosophy that asserts that, because the physical world is constantly changing, ideas are the only reliable form of reality Idealism
A curriculum based on this school of philosophy emphasizes mathematics (because of its logic, precision, and abstraction) together with great works of literature, art, and music because of their enduring contributions Idealism
A teacher who emphasizes the study of great men and women of history in order to examine their thinking and ideas they offered, subscribes to which school of philosophy? Idealism
The school of philosophy that suggests the features of the universe exist whether or not a human being is there to perceive them. Realism
Aristotle Realism
A curriculum based on this school of philosophy emphasizes "essentials" such as math, science, reading, and writing because they are tools to help us understand our world Realism
A curriculum based on this school of philosophy tends to de-emphasize formal emphasis on feelings and other personal factors Realism
"It doesn't matter what anybody thinks, two plus two is four — not three, not five, not anything else." This speaker is consistent with which philosophy? Realism
Teachers working within this philosophy emphasize observation, experimentation, critical reasoning. Realism
Goal is for learners to think clearly and understand the material world. Realism
"Reality is what we perceive it to be; there's no objective source out there to decide which view is the 'correct' one." This speaker is making an argument consistent with what school of philosophy? Idealism
John Dewey was a major proponent of this philosophy Pragmatism
this philosophy rejects theidea of absolute, unchanging truth, instead asserting that truth is "what works" Pragmatism
"Because truth changes, individuals need methods for dealing with these changes." Therefore teachers adhering to this philosophy emphasize the process of learning as much as the content itself and focus on direct experiences and problem solving. Pragmatism
This philosophy suggests that humanity isn't part of an orderly universe; rather, individuals create their own realities in their own unique ways. Existentialism
Jean-Paul Sartre Existentialism
This philosophy places primary emphasis on the individual and, in doing so, reminds us that we don't teach math, science, reading — we teach people. Existentialism
Curriculum based on this philosophy emphasizes the humanities because these studies examine the human strugle for meaning, relationships between people, and tragedy as well as triumph. Existentialism
Humanistic educators are most heavily influenced by this philosophy Existentialism
Educators who subscribe to this philosophy promote interdisciplinary education and problem solving in context Pragmatism
"Good and evil will always be with us, so they're always new. The kids really get into these discussions." This teacher subscribes to which philosophy? Idealism
"Were we good or evil when we bombed Hiroshima? I want the kids to grapple with the ideas and think about whether or not wars are justified and if we were right to drop our bombs." This teacher subscribes to which philosophy? Existentialism
"I spend most of my time trying to help the kids learn important skills and develop their critical thinking so they won't be duped by propeganda." This teacher subscribes to which philosophy? Realism
Reality is the world of unchanging ideas. Idealism
Reality is the physical world. Realism
Reality is the interaction of the individual and the environment. Pragmatism
Reality is the subjective interpretation of the physical world. Existentialism
Knowing is the personal rethinking of universal ideas. Idealism
Knowing is observing and understanding natural laws. Realism
Knowing is the result of experience based on the scientific method. Pragmatism
Knowing is making personal choice. Existentialism
Values are absolute, based on enduring ideas. Idealism
Values are absolute, based on natural law. Realism
Values are relative. Pragmatism
Values are chosen by the individual. Existentialism
Curricula focus on content that emphasizes time-honored ideas. Idealism
Curricula focus on content that emphasizes natural laws. Realism
Curricula and instruction focus on problem solving and the scientific method. Pragmatism
Instruction emphasizes discussion designed to increase individual self-awareness. Existentialism
An educational philosophy suggesting that nature — including human nature — is constant. Perennialism
This educational philosophy has its roots in both idealism and realism. Perennialism
The ideal curriculum for this educational philosophy would have students study classic works like the Illiad and The Origin of the Species and then have discussions where they analyze and evaluate the ideas expressed. Perennialism
Mortimer Adler Perennialism
"back to the basics" Essentialism
An educational philosophy suggesting that a critical core of knowledge and skills exists that people should possess Essentialism
People who adhere to this educational philosophy would argue that, "Teachers' primary goals should be to help students master key content rather than help students develop emotionally and socially." Essentialism
Many of the reforms of the past twenty years have come from reformers who subscribe to this educational philosophy Essentialism
An educational philosophy emphasizing curricula that focus on real-world problem solving and individual development. Progressivism
This educational philosophy is consistent with constructivism. Progressivism
"People need to continue to learn and be able to adapt to changes in the world; they need lots of experience making decisions and solving problems." This speaker subscribes to which educational philosophy? Progressivism
An educational philosophy contending that many of the institutions in our society, including schools, are used by those in power to control and marginalize those who lack power. Postmodernism
These educational philosophers argue that curricula in our schools are racist, sexist, and imperialist Postmodernism
This educational philosophy is most closely related to the traditional philosophies of idealism and pragmatism Essentialism and Perennialism
This educational philosophy is most closely related to the traditional philosophy of Pragmatism Progressivism
This educational philosophy is most closely related to the traditional philosophy of Existentialism Postmodernism
Educational goals for this educational philosophy are: train the intellect; moral development Perennialism
Educational goals for this educational philosophy are: acquire basic skills; acquire knowledge needed to function in today's world Essentialism
Educational goals for this educational philosophy are: acquire ability to function in the real world; develop problem-solving skills Progressivism
Educational goals for this educational philosophy are: critically examine today's institutions; elevate the status of marginalized people Postmodernism
Curriculum for this educational philosophy emphasizes: enduring ideas Perennialism
Curriculum for this educational philosophy emphasizes: basic skills Essentialism
Curriculum for this educational philosophy emphasizes: problem solving skills needed in today's world Progressivism
Curriculum for this educational philosophy emphasizes: the works of marginalized people Postmodernism
The role of the teacher in this educational philosophy is: deliver clear lectures; increase student understanding with critical questions Essentialism and Perennialism
The role of the teacher in this educational philosophy is: guide learning with questioning; develop and guide problem-solving activities Progressivism
The role of the teacher in this educational philosophy is: facilitate discussions that involve clarifying issues Postmodernism
Teaching methods for this educational philosophy are: lecture; questioning; coaching in intellectual thinking Perennialism
Teaching methods for this educational philosophy are: lecture; practice and feedback; questioning Essentialism
Teaching methods for this educational philosophy are: problem-based learning; cooperative learning; guided discovery Progressivism
Teaching methods for this educational philosophy are: discussion; role plae; simulation; personal research Postmodernism
The learning environment for this educational philosophy is: high structure; high levels of time on task Essentialism and Perennialism
The learning environment for this educational philosophy is: Collaborative; self-regulated; democratic Progressivism
The learning environment for this educational philosophy is:community-oriented; self-regulated Postmodernism
Assessment for this educational philosophy is: frequent objective and essay tests Perennialism
Assessment for this educational philosophy is: frequent objective, essay, and performacnce tests Essentialism
Assessment for this educational philosophy is: continuous feedback; informal monitoring of student progress Progressivism
Assessment for this educational philosophy is: collaborative between teacher and student; emphasis on the exposure of hidden assumptions Postmodernism

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