Reformation vocab

Term Definition
Respond -to react to something that has been said or done.
Publication -book or other printed work.
Error -something incorrect.
Minor -small and not very important or serious.
Parliament -group of people who make up a country's laws.
Finance -to provide a large amount of money to pay for something.
Contrast -difference between people, ideas, or situations that are being compared.
Individual -considered separately from other people or things in the same group.
Reformation -a religious movement that began in the 1500s to reform the Catholic Church.
Martin Luther -a German monk.
Indulgence -The church also raised money by selling indulgences, or pardons for sins.
John Calvin -was one of the most influential of the new Protestant leaders.
Predestination -the idea that God had long ago determined who would gain salvation.
Theocracy- -a government ruled by religious leaders.
William Tyndale -he printed an English translation of the New Testament of the Bible.
Counter- Reformation -the movement to strengthen the teachings and structure of the Catholic Church became known as the Counter- Reformation.
Jesuits -was the most influential of the new religious orders.
Ignatius Loyola -was the most influential of the new religious orders. It was founded by Ignatius Loyola.
Council of Trent -In 1545, Pope Paul III called a series of meetings known as the Council of Trent.
Henry VIII -In England, Luther's ideas at first met with opposition.
Annulmet -is an official action ending a marriage.
Act of Supremacy -In 1547, Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy. This act made the king the leader of the Church of England.
Henry IV -He was crowned Henry IV the following year. The civil wars ended soon after Henry assumed the throne.
Edict -is an official public order made by a king or another authority.
Philip II -Philip II, the Catholic ruler of Spain, championed the Counter-Reformation.
Armada -In 1588, Philip sent an armada, or fleet of ships, to attack England.
Absolute Monarchy -a ruler had complete power over the government and its subjects.
Divine right of Kings -a theory which states that kings right to rule comes directly from God.
Louis XIV -Two theories of kingship created a powerful leader in France's king Louis XIV.
Constitutional Monarchy -is a form of government in which a kings or queens power is limited by a constitution.
Federalism -a form of government in which power is shared between local and national levels.

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