Reformation Vocab

Term Definition
Respond To react to something that has been said or done.
Publication Book or other printed work.
Error Something incorrect or incorrectly done.
Minor Small and not very important or serious.
Parliament Group of people who make up a country's laws.
Finance To provide a large amount of money to pay for something.
Contrast Difference between people, ideas, or situations that are being compared.
individual Considered separately from other people or things in the same group.
Reformation These thinkers laid the foundation for the reformation, a religious movement that began in the 1500s.
Martin Luther An important leader of the reformation was Martin Luther, a German monk.
Indulgence The church also raised money by selling indulgences, or pardons for sins.
Predestination Calvin's most important teaching was predestination, the idea that god had long ago determined who would gain salvation.
Theocracy A theocracy is a government ruled by religious leaders.
William Tyndale At about the same time, William Tyndale printed an english Translation of the new testament of the bible.
Counter-Reformation The movement to strengthen the teachings and structure of the catholic church became known as the Counter-Reformation.
Jesuits The Society of Jesus, which later became known as the Jesuits, was the most influental of the new religious orders.
Ignatius Loyola It was founded by Ignatius Loyola.
Council Of Trent In 1545,Pope Paul III called a series of meetings known as the Council of Trent.
Henry VII Henry VII, the king of England, wrote a book criticizing Luther's ideas.
Annulment An annulment is an official action ending a marriage.
Act Of Supremacy In 1534, Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy.
Henry IV He was crowned Henry IV the following year.
Edict An edict is an official public order made by a king or another authority.
Philip II Philip 11, the Catholic ruler of Spain, championed the Counter-Reformation.
Armanda In 1588, Philip sent an armanda, or fleet of ships, to attack England.
Absolute Monarchy In an absolute monarchy, a ruler had complete power over the government and its subjects.
Divine rights of kings France's absolute monarchs believed that they ruled by divine right of kings, a theory which states that a king's right to rule comes directly from God.
Louis XIV These two theories of kingship created a powerful leader in France's king Louis XIV.
Constitutional Monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king's or queen's power is limited by a constitution.
Federalism Althusius was the first person to write about federalism, a form of government in which power is shared between local and national levels.

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