History Exam 2

Question Answer
Benjamin Rush
A key founding father of the United States . A civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, humanitarian, and educator and founder of Dickson College.
Deists Accepted the existence of God, but considered God a remote being who, after having created the universe, had withdrawn from direct involvement with the human race and its sin.
Monroe Doctrine Stated the U.S. would not interfere in European colonies in Latin America but would consider any new attempt to colonize in the Western Hemisphere an act of hostility.
Second Great Awakening Linked with social reform. Protestants saw themselves a part of a single religious movement that could change the course of history through politics. Religious movement that spread through the United States. Churches changed. Womena??s rights movement and
Corrupt Bargain John Quincy Adams won in 1824 because Andrew Jackson did not win majority. Henry Clay voted for Adams which led the others to follow.
Fletcher vs Peck P acquired land part of a legislature grant from Georgia. Later the legislature voided the law and declared all rights and claims invalid. P then sold his land to F claiming the past sales were legitimate. F claimed P had no legal right to sell it. (State
Eli Whitney Created the cotton gin which sped up production for the high demand in cotton. Also helped development in modern warfare.
Northwest Ordinance Law allowed congress to survey and sell western lands and also divide the territory unto 3 to 5 separate territories. Legislation that established a system for governing the northwest territory
Republicans Farmers, skilled workers, southerners
Federalist Merchants, anyone who would benefit from a strong gova??t, Northern folk
Alien Act Laws passed by a Federalist dominated Congress making it easier to deport foreigners
Sedition Act Law making it illegal to print or speak words hostile to the government
Marbury vs Madison M wanted to sue the new Secretary of State, JM for failing to certify his appointment. The constitution could not force JM to give him the job when he should have. Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review.
Great Compromise Agreement worked out by the Constitutional Convention; granted each state an equal voice in the upper house of the legislative and representation according to population the lower house of Congress
Maine Entered the union as a free state during the Missouri Compromise
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Statements passed in 1798 and 1799 that denounced the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Daniel Shay An American soldier and leader of uprising of Massachusetts farmers to protest taxes, debt, and foreclosures.
George Washington Commander in chief of the Continental army during the American Revolutionary War. Served 2 terms as the first president of the United States. Didna??t have a son.
Gibbons v. Ogdon G was a steamboat owner who did business between New York and New Jersey under a federal coastal license. He challenged the monopoly license granted to O. Under the Constitutiona??s Supremacy Clause, the New York monopoly was void because it conflicted wi
New Jersey The site of the Battle of Trenton and Princeton that turned the tide for the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. Known as the a??crossroads of the American Revolutiona??
Bank of the Untied States Made because the government had a debt from the Revolutionary War and each state had a different form of currency.
Federalista??s Papers Written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and a John Jay. Important sources to understand the original intent of the a Constitution.
Lewis and Clark Expedition Expedition that explored Louisiana territorya?? mapped the interior of the US, and crossed the continent to the Pacific.
Battle of Saratoga Turning point in the Revolutionary War. British troops surrendered. American victory caused French to start aiding them.
Pinckneya??s Treaty Treaty between the US and Spain which gave the US the right to transport goods on the Mississippi River and to store goods in the Spanish port of New Orleans.
How was the Revolutionary War funded? Borrowing from other nations- France
Articles of Confederation Structure Weak national government, each state had one vote, one house congress, no president to enforce laws, 9 out of 13 law approval, amend articles all 13 had to improve- two treaties of government, foreign policy, Declaration of Independence ideals
Hamiltona??s treasury ideas Combine state debt with national debt and issue new securities covering both principal and accumulated unpaid interest. Asked congress to charter the Bank of the US to be jointly owned by private stockholders and the national government.
Judiciary Act of 1801 President Adam signed 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices to maintain Federalist power in the last hours of his presidency.
Election 1824 None of the major candidates received majority in the electoral college. The House of Representatives, due to the influence of Clay, voted John Quincy Adams for president.
Election 1828 Andrew Jackson questioned John Quincy Adamsa?? victory in last election. Corrupt Bargain. Jackson swept and won the presidency.
War of 1812 Least necessary War. Ended with the Treaty of Ghent. There was no increase in land from the war, but due to their victory the Americans thought of it as a second war of independence.
Early transportation Steamboat
Jefferson- LA Purchase America nearly doubled, but had to deal with Spain who wanted the people in their land to speak the language and pay the taxes.
Era of good feelings Period where the US reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the war of 1812.
Education and medicine in the early 19th century Education- stressed self-discipline, textbooks praised hard work, American history required learning Medicine- surgery procedures, most people died from surgeons, no way to take away pain

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