HC101: Lymph/Immune Lymphatic and Immune Systems

Term Definition
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
adenoid/o adenoids
Agranulocystes a type of white blood cells without granules
Allergen a substance that induces allergy
Anaphylaxis hypersensitivity (as to foreign proteins or drugs) resulting from sensitization following prior contact with the causative agent
Antibiotics tending to prevent, inhibit, or destroy life
Antibody protective protein; any of a large number of proteins that act specifically against the antigen in an immune response
Antifungal destroying fungi or inhibiting their growth
Antigen foreign protein; any substance foreign to the body that evokes an immune response either alone or after forming a complex with a larger molecule (as a protein) and that is capable of binding with a product (as an antibody or T cell) of the immune response
axill/o axilla, underarm
Bacilli a genus of rod-shaped gram-positive endospore-producing usually aerobic bacteria of the family
Bacteria any of a domain of prokaryotic, round, spiral, or rod-shaped single-celled microorganisms that are often aggregated into colonies and are noted for their biochemical effects and pathogenicity
Candidiasis infection with or disease caused by a fungus of the genus Candida
Cytokines any of a class of immunoregulatory proteins (as interleukin, tumor necrosis factor, and interferon) that are secreted by cells especially of the immune system
Cytotoxic toxic to cells
Drug a substance used as a medication or in the preparation of medication
Erythrocytes red blood cells
Granulocytes a type of white blood cells with granules
Hematocrit A blood test used to measure the volume of RBC’s within the total volume of blood
Hemolytic lysis of red blood cells with liberation of hemoglobin
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
immmunity body's ability to defend itself against pathogens
immun/o protection
Immunoglobulins any of a large number of proteins that acts specifically against the antigen in an immune response
Immunosuppressant a chemical agent (as a drug) that suppresses the immune response
Immunotherapy treatment or prevention of disease (such as a cancer, autoimmune disorder, or allergy) that involves the stimulation, enhancement, suppression, or desensitization of the immune system
Infectious Mononucleosis an acute infectious disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus that is characterized especially by fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, and lymphocytosis and occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults
inguin/o groin region
Interferons any of a group of heat-stable soluble basic antiviral glycoproteins that are produced usually by cells exposed to the action of a virus
lacteals lymphatic vessels located around the small intestine
lymph fluid within a lymphatic vessel
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph node
Lymphadenitis inflammation of lymph nodes
Lymphadenopathy abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
Lymphangioma a tumor formed of dilated lymphatic vessels
Lymphedema edema due to faulty lymphatic drainage
Lymphocytes colorless cells that originate from stem cells and constitute 20-30% of the white blood cells of normal human blood
Lymphoma a usually malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue
Macrophage phagocytic cells that functions in the destruction of foreign antigens (as bacteria and viruses), and serves as an antigen-presenting cell
Malaria an acute or chronic disease caused by the presence of sprozoan parasites in the red blood cells, the greatest single cause of debilitation and death throughout the world
Mammography X-ray examination of the breasts (as for early detection of cancer)
Metastasis the spread of a disease-producing agent (as cancer cells or bacteria) or disease from the initial or primary site of disease to another part of the body
Metastasize to spread by metastasis
Myoma a tumor consisting of muscle tissue
Myosarcoma a sarcomatous myoma
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma various malignant lymphomas that are not classified as Hodgkin's lymphoma, have malignant cells derived from B cells, T cells, or natural killer cells. Characterized especially by enlarged lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, fatigue, and weight loss
nucle/o nucleus
Osteosarcoma a sarcoma derived from bone or containing bone tissue
Parasite an organism living in, with, or on another organism in parasitism
path/o disease
Plasmapheresis Method of removing plasma from the body without depleting the formed elements
Rabies an acute virual disease of the CNS, transmitted in infected saliva usually through the bite of a rabid animal. Typically characterized by fatigue, headache, fever, discomfort, increased salivation, excitability, confusion, muscle weakness, death
Rickettsia a genus of rod-shaped, coccoid, or diplococcus-shaped often pleomorphic bacteria (family Rickettsiaceae) that are transmitted by biting arthropods (as lice or ticks) and cause a number of serious diseases (as Rocky Mountain spotted fever and typhus)
Rubella an acute contagious disease that is milder than typical measles but is damaging to the fetus when occurring early in pregnancy and that is caused by a togavirus (also known as German Measles)
Sanguin/o blood
Sarcoma a malignant tumor arising in tissue of mesodermal origin (as connective tissue, bone, cartilage, or striated muscle) that spreads by extension into neighboring tissue or by way of the bloodstream
Spirochetes any bacterium of the order Spirochaetales including those causing syphilis and relapsing fever
Spleen Organ whose functions contributes to body defenses
splen/o spleen
Splenomegaly abnormal enlargement of the spleen
Staphylococci a genus of nonmotile gram-positive spherical bacteria (Staphylococcaceae or Micrococcaceae), contains forms occurring singly, in pairs or tetrads, or in irregular clusters, and includes causative agents of various disorders
Streptococci a genus of spherical or ovoid chiefly nonmotile and parasitic gram-positive bacteria (family Streptococcaceae) that divide only in one plane, occur in pairs or chains, and include important pathogens of humans and domestic animals
Teletherapy the treatment of diseased tissue with high-intensity radiation (as gamma rays from radioactive cobalt)
thym/o thymus gland
thymus produces thymosin which changes lymphocytes into T-cells
tox/o poison
transfusion Artificial transfer of blood into the bloodstream blood
Varicella an acute contagious disease especially of children that is marked by low-grade fever and formation of vesicles (also known as Chicken Pox)

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