Ch. 21 Absolutism

Question Answer
What happened because of the war of The Spanish Succession? France and Spain were not allowed to unite, Britain gained Gibraltar, Austrian Hapsburg took Spanish Netherlands
What was the Edict of Nantes? The declaration of religious toleration
Who was Louis XIV? He was the most well known ruler of early France under absolute rule.
Who was Henry Navarre? Henry of Navarre Descended from the popular medieval king Louis IX in 1589.
Who was Charles I? England’s ruler in 1625 after James Stuart Died.
What was the Glorious Revolution? The overthrow of the English king James II and his replacement of William and Mary.
What was the Constitutional Monarchy? A system of governing in which the ruler’s power is limited by the law.
What was the result of the war of Spanish Succession? France and Spain were not allowed to unite. Britain gained Gibraltar. Austrian Hapsburgs took Spanish Netherlands
How did the policies of Colbert and Louis XIV affect the French economy? Explain both positive and negative affect Helped/Positive – Built up and protected French industries.Hurt/Negative – Drove out the Huguenots and overspent on buildings and wars.
To what extent did anti-Protestantism contribute to Louis’ downfall? Cancelling the Edict of Nantes cost France many skilled workers, and wars against Protestant countries damaged the French economy.
What is Absolute monarch? kings or queens who held all of the power within their state’s boundaries. Their goal was to control every aspect of society
Who is Philip ll? inherited Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the American colonies.
What is Divine right The idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God’s representative on Earth.
What is the significance of England’s defeat of the spanish Armada? It weakened Spain and opened the way for European ventures in the America.
Why did the Dutch revolt against Spain? Philip II raised taxes and tried to crush Protestantism
Why did absolute monarchs believed that they were justified in exercising absolute power? They believed their power was God-given.
What does the art described in this section reveal about the culture of Spain and Netherlands. Religion and the monarchy were central to Spanish culture. Merchants, civic leaders, and the middle class were prominent in the culture of the Netherland.
What role did religion play in the struggle between the Spanish and the Dutch Philip II thought it was his duty to defend Catholicism and tried to crush Protestantism in the Netherlands
How did the lack of a middle class contribute to the decline of Spain’s economy? There were few business people to stimulate economic growth that home or to promote trade abroad.
What is the significance of England’s defeat of the spanish Armada? It weakened Spain and opened the way for European ventures in the America.

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