flashcards

Bio Test

Question Answer
Plasma Membrane It regulates what comes in and out of the cell m
Transport Proteins they exist permanently within and span the membrane across which they transport substances.
Phospholipid a lipid containing a phosphate group in its molecule, e.g., lecithin.
Phospholipid Bilayer thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.
Energy a convention to refer to a specific social and technological endeavor
a convention to refer to a specific social and technological endeavor a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities.
Cellular respiration the process by which mitochondria break down food moleculesto produce ATP
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells.
Thylakoid each of a number of flattened sacs inside a chloroplast, bounded by pigmented membranes on which the light reactions of photosynthesis take place
Granum (grana) A stacked membranous structure within the chloroplasts
Stroma the extra space in a chlorplast
NADP+ that occurs in many living cells and functions as an electron acceptor like NAD but reacts with different metabolites.
NADPH a cofactor used in anabolic reactions
Calvin Cycle . A series of reactions that occur in the stroma of chloroplasts during photosynthesis.
Chloroplast electron transport chain most ATP is created in this tep. the products of the krebs cycle are used to carry the electrons to start the ETC in the mitochondria.
G3P
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Mitochondrial electron transport chain
Pyruvate
NAD+
NADH
FAD+
FADH2
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
The job of the plasma membrane Regulates what enters and exits the cell.
How polarity and nonpolarity of a phospholipid allow it to make barriers.
Compare and contrast the structure of ATP vs. ADP.
Where ATP stores energy and how it is released. the bond between the second and third bond
How cells can access the energy ATP carries.
Where the energy used to convert ADP into ATP comes from.
Where each step of photosynthesis takes place.
The reactants and products of the chloroplast electron transport chain.
How energy is transferred from sunlight to electrons in chlorophyll. Role of water in this reaction. Where does oxygen come from and what happens to it.
The reactants and products of the Calvin cycle.
Why does the Calvin Cycle needs carbon dioxide.
What happens to G3P after the Calvin cycle. it needs to make G3P and ultimately glucose
Where each step of cellular respiration takes place.
Why glycolysis being an anaerobic process is useful for living things.
The reactants and products of the Krebs cycle.
Why the Krebs cycle goes through two “turns”.
The reactants and products of the mitochondrial electron transport chain.
How the mitochondrial electron transport chain gets its initial energized electrons.
The role of oxygen in the mitochondrial electron transport chain.
Why the electron transport chain in cellular respiration produces more ATP in prokaryotes than eukaryotes.

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